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344 Siege of Singara ★ ★ ★ ★ ★
Outcome: The Romans repulsed the Persians who tried to take the city of Singara 344 or 346 or 348
War  &  Enemy: Enemy:
Sassanid Persians
War:
Later Roman-Persian Wars
Battle Type:
Siege
The Battlefield Singara Location:
South-East of Nisibis, not known exactly, probably in Northern Iraq
Modern Country:
Iraq
  The Byzantines(emperor:  Constantius II) The Enemies
Commander: Emperor Constantius II Shah Shapur II
Forces: Unknown Unknown
Losses:
Background story: When Shapur II took control of the Sassanid Empire, he sought to regain old territories previously lost to the Eastern Roman Empire. He invaded Roman Mesopotamia and laid waste to the country.
After unsuccessful attempts to capture Nisibis in 338 and 344, Shapur II turned against Singara, a strongly fortified post at the northern extremity of Mesopotamia. Its position, south-east of Nisibis, has not been clearly defined.
The Battle:
Singara
Sassanid Persian warriors
The Roman army, under the personal command of Emperor Constantius, advanced in the heat of the day and drove the Persians back towards their camp. The Persians counter-attacked then withdrew. At the same time, nomadic tribes (Scythian Massagetae and others) attacked the eastern territory of the Sassanid Empire. Hearing the news of the nomadic raids and meeting a strong Roman resistance, Shapur decided to go home, lift the siege and make peace.
Noteworthy:
Aftermath: After the unsuccessful campaign against the Romans, Shapur signed a peace treaty with Constantius II in which both sides agreed not to attack each others territory for a limited period of time.