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1091 Battle of Levounion  (Lebunion) ★ ★ ★ ★ ★
Outcome: The Byzantines annihilated a big Pecheneg army 29 April 1091
War  &  Enemy: Enemy:
Pechenegs
War:
Pecheneg Wars
Battle Type:
Pitched Battle
The Battlefield Levounion Location:
Levounio, at the delta of Evros river, near Enos (eastern Thrace)
Modern Country:
Turkey
  The Byzantines(emperor:  Alexios I Komnenos) The Enemies
Commander: Emperor Alexios I Komnenos Unknown
Forces: 20,000 Greeks, 40,000 Cumans, 5,000 Vlachs 80,000 (including women and children)
Losses: Annihilated
Background story: In the spring of 1087, news reached the Byzantine court of a huge invasion from the north. The invaders were PechenegsAlexios I was forced to rely on his own ingenuity and diplomatic skill to save his empire. He appealed to another nomadic tribe, the Cumans, to help him against the Pechenegs.
The well-paid Cumans hurried to join the Byzantine army. On 28 April 1091, Alexios and his allies reached the Pecheneg camp at Levounion near the delta of the Hebrus (Maritsa) river.
The Battle:
Levounion
Emperor Alexios I
The Pechenegs appear to have been caught by surprise. The battle that took place on the next morning at Levounion was practically a massacre. The Pechenegs had brought their women and children with them, and they were totally unprepared for the ferocity of the attack that was unleashed upon them. The Cumans and the Byzantines fell upon the enemy camp, slaughtering all in their path. The Pechenegs quickly collapsed, and the victorious allies butchered them so savagely that they were almost wiped out. The survivors were captured by the Byzantines and taken into imperial service.
Noteworthy:
Aftermath: It was the single most decisive victory achieved by a Byzantine army for more than half a century and the first victory of the Komnenian restoration. It marked the beginning of a resurgence of Byzantine power that would last for a 100 years.