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591 Battle of Blarathon  (Battle of Ganzak) ★ ★ ★ ★
Outcome: A Byzantine victory which helped the exiled Persian king to retake his throne 591
War  &  Enemy: Enemy:
Sassanid Persians
War:
Byzantine-Persian Wars
Battle Type:
Pitched Battle
The Battlefield Blarathon Location:
Takab County, West Azerbaijan Province in northwestern Iran
Modern Country:
Iran
  The Byzantines(emperor:  Maurice (Mauricius)) The Enemies
Commander: Generals John Mystacon, Narses General Bahram Chobin
Forces: Unknown Unknown, but with many elephants
Losses:
Background story: After suffering a minor defeat in the Battle of Araxis against the Byzantines, Shah Hormizd IV humiliated general Bahram Chobin, sending to him women's clothing to wear. Thus, he, along with the main Persian army, rebelled against the Shah and marched toward Ctesiphon. Hormizd was killed and his son, Khosrau II, unable to fight such an army, fled to Constantinople and Bahram sat on the throne.
The Battle:
Blarathon
When General Bahram Chobin seized the Sassanid Persian throne, Emperor Maurice sent a large army to support the legitimate ruler, Khosrau II (Chosroes). The army was led by generals Narses, John Mystacon and the Persian Bindoy, uncle of Khosrau. After a fierce skirmish near Lake Urmiah, Bahram lost Ctesiphon and retreated to northwestern Iran where he was routed at Ganzak. Bahram fled to the Turks and was soon assassinated. Restoration of Khosrau ended the war. Dara and Martyropolis were returned to the Byzantines along with other disputed territories.
Noteworthy:
Aftermath: The battle altered the course of Roman-Persian relations dramatically, leaving Byzantium in the dominant position. The extent of effective Byzantine control in the Caucasus reached its zenith historically.