|530||Battle of Satala||★ ★ ★ ★ ★|
|Outcome:||A Byzantine victory against the Persians||summer 530|
|War & Enemy:||
Iberian War (526-532)
|The Battlefield|| Location:
Modern Sadak , Gümüshane Province, Turkey
| Modern Country:
|The Byzantines(emperor: Justinian I)||The Enemies|
|Commander:||Generals Sitas & Dorotheus||Mihr-Mihroe (Mermeroes)|
|Background story:||In spring 530, the Persian attack in Mesopotamia met with defeat at the Battle of Dara. The Persian shah, Kavadh I decided to take advantage of his successes in the Caucasus area (and the absence of the main Byzantine army) and sent an army into Byzantium's Armenian provinces under general Mihr-Mihroe (Mermeroes). The army was composed mostly of Persarmenians and Sunitae from the northern Caucasus, as well as 3,000 Sabirs.
Mihr-Mihroe headed for Satala, and set up his camp outside the city walls. The Byzantine forces, under generals Siitas and Dorotheus, did not engage him. Sittas, with a thousand men, occupied the hills around the city, while the bulk of the Byzantine army remained with Dorotheus inside the walls.
On the next day, the Persians surrounded the city and prepared for a siege. At this point, Sittas with his detachment sallied forth from the hills. The Persians, seeing them raising much dust and thinking that they were the main Byzantine army, quickly gathered their forces and turned to meet them. Dorotheus then led his own men to attack the Persian rear.
Despite their disadvantageous position, facing attack from both front and rear, the Persian army resisted effectively, due to its greater numbers. At one point however a Byzantine commander, Florentius the Thracian, charged his unit into the Persian center and managed to capture Mihr-Mihroe's battle standard. Although he was killed soon after, the loss of the flag caused fear among the Persian ranks. Their army began to retreat to their camp, abandoning the battlefield.
|Aftermath:||A major success for Byzantium that was followed by the defection of a number of Persarmenian chieftains to the Empire and the capture of important fortresses, like Bolum and Pharangium.|