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551 Sack of Petra ★ ★ ★ ★
Outcome: The Byzantines sacked the Sassanid-held Georgian city of Petra 551
War  &  Enemy: Enemy:
Sasanid Persians
War:
Lazic War
Battle Type:
City Capture
The Battlefield Petra Location:
Petra, on the Black sea coast of Georgia
Modern Country:
Georgia
  The Byzantines(emperor:  Justinian I) The Enemies
Commander: General Bessas General Mihr-Mihroe (Mermeroes)
Forces:
Losses:
Background story: In 548-549, Emperor Justinian sent 7,000 men under Dagisthaeus, who joined King Gubazes to besiege Petra. The Allies defeated two Persian armies, but could not retake the city. Dagisthaeus withdrew because he had neglected to safeguard the mountain passes and Mihr-Mihroe was able to move into Lazica with a claimed 30,000 Persians. The Persians relieved the siege of Petra and reinforced its garrison.
The Battle:
Petra
When Dagisthaeus failed to recapture Petra, on the Black Sea coast of modern Georgia (548-549), Emperor Justinian replaced him with the veteran Bessas, who began a second siege. After bitter fighting, the city fell by storm with many defenders burned to death when they tried to hold out in the citadel. The city walls were destroyed to prevent Petra again becoming a Persian base.
The Persian general Mihr-Mihroe had tried to relieve the fortress once again, but before he could do this, it fell to Bessas's troops. He then turned towards the Lazic capital, Archaeopolis, but his attacks were repulsed.
Noteworthy:
Aftermath: The Lazic war ended with a peace treaty in 561 in which Persians would leave Lazica in return for an annual payment of gold.