|830-831||Capture of Palermo||★ ★ ★ ★ ★|
|Outcome:||The Arabs captured Palermo and other towns in western Sicily||12 Sep 831|
|War & Enemy:||
Arabs & Berbers
Muslim conquest of Sicily
|The Battlefield|| Location:
| Modern Country:
|The Byzantines(emperor: Theophilos)||The Enemies|
Arab invaders of Byzantine Sicily were driven off from a failed siege of Syracuse (827-828) and held only Mazara and Mineo. In 830, they received a strong reinforcement of 30,000 African and Spanish troops. The Spanish Muslims defeated the Byzantine commander Theodotus in July and August of that year, but a plague once again forced them to return to Mazara and then to Africa. The African Berber units which had been sent to besiege Palermo managed to capture it after a year-long siege in September 831.
The war dragged on for the following years. In 834 the Arabs occupied Platani, Caltabellotta, Corleone, Marineo and Geraci, taking control of western Sicily.
|Aftermath:||The key northern city became the capital of Muslim Sicily, renamed by the Arabs as al-Madinah.|