|813||Battle of Adrianople||★ ★ ★ ★ ★|
|Outcome:||The Bulgarians captured the city and were looking invincible at the time||Autumn 813|
|War & Enemy:||
Early Bulgarian Wars
|The Battlefield|| Location:
Adrianople (modern Edirne, Turkey) in Eastern Thrace near the borders with Greece and Europe.
| Modern Country:
|The Byzantines(emperor: Leo V the Armenian)||The Enemies|
|Commander:||Unknown||Khan Krum (the Horrible)|
|Background story:||After the victory in Versinikia (June 813), the Bulgarians took control of the whole of Eastern Thrace with the exception of a few castles. For the first time in the Bulgarian history, the way to Constantinople was open. On 17 July 813 Krum indeed reached the walls of Constantinople and set his camp outside the walls.
In the mealtime, an army under Krum’ s brother besieged Adrianople, the most important Byzantine fortress and city in Thrace.
After Krum ravaged much of Eastern Thrace, he left Constantinople and came to Adrianople to supervise personally the siege.
Battle of Versinikia (Manasses chronicle)
The city held out for a while despite being attacked with state-of-the-art siege engines. Yet, without any help from outside, the garrison was forced to capitulate due to starvation.
The population of Adrianople and the surrounding area (numbering about 10,000) was transferred to Bulgarian territory north of the Danube.
|Aftermath:||Krum started intensive preparations for the final assault on Constantinople, but died in April 814. Under the peace treaty of 815, Adrianople was returned to Byzantium.|