|1366||Battle of Gallipoli||★ ★ ★ ★ ★|
|Outcome:||The crusaders of Savoy recaptured Gallipoli for Byzantium||24 August 1366|
|War & Enemy:||
|The Battlefield|| Location:
Gallipoli in eastern Thrace, modern Gelibolu
| Modern Country:
|The Byzantines(emperor: John V Palaiologos)||The Enemies|
|Commander:||Count Amadeus VI of Savoy||Unknown|
|Forces:||16 ships, 100 men||Unknown|
|Background story:||The Ottoman Turks took Gallipoli after an earthquake in 1354. It was their first stronghold in Europe and it became a springboard for military operations in Thrace against the Byzantines and Bulgarians.
Most of eastern Thrace was overrun by Ottoman forces within a decade and permanently brought under Orhan's control by means of heavy colonization. In 1365 the Turks captured Adrianople and established their permanent presence in Europe.
The westerners realized that the Ottoman Turks were a serious threat and in 1366 Pope Urban V declared a crusade against them.
When Pope Urban V declared a crusade against the Ottomans, one of the few who actively campaigned was Count Amadeus VI of Savoy, who led a fleet of 16 galleys and 1,500 men to the Dardanelles. A sharp action captured Gallipoli but Amadeus withdrew after a bloody incursion into the Black Sea, handing the city to the Byzantines.
However, Gallipoli was not as strategically important in 1366 as it had been in 1354, with Thrace being already an Ottoman territory.
|Noteworthy:||Amadeus of Savoy was a cousin of the Byzantine Emperor John V Palaiologos from his mother Anna of Savoy.|
|Aftermath:||In 1377 Andronikos IV Palaiologos gave Gallipoli back o the Turks in exchange for their support in the Byzantine civil war against John V.|