|969||Battle of Aleppo||★ ★ ★ ★ ★|
|Outcome:||The Byzantines captured the city of Aleppo||December 969|
|War & Enemy:||
Later Byzantine-Muslim Wars
|The Battlefield|| Location:
modern Aleppo or Halab in Northern Syria
| Modern Country:
|The Byzantines(emperor: Nikephoros II Phocas)||The Enemies|
|Commander:||General Michael Bourtzes||Karguyah|
|Background story:||In the spring of 964, as emperor, Nikephoros Phocas started a huge campaign aiming at a final blow against Arabs who continued to devastate the Christian cities of Cilicia and Cappadocia. The departure of the emperor from Constantinople leading his 40,000-strong army, was celebrated as the beginning of a "Holy War". Along the march, more and more fighters joined.|
Nikephoros II Phocas drove the Arabs out of central Asia Minor by 965 at Adana and Tarsus, then invaded Syria, where the fortress city of Antioch fell to general Michael Bourtzes after more than 3 centuries of Arab rule.
The Byzantine army then marched to retake Aleppo from the Chamberlain Karguyah, who had overthrown the Hamdanid Sayf ad-Dawlah. Although Nikephoros was assassinated, Aleppo fell and became a Byzantine protectorate. Caliph al-Muti was forced to sue for peace.
|Aftermath:||The Byzantine advance stopped there and was resumed later by the new Emperor John I Tzimisces.|