|492||Battle of Cotyaeum (Cotiaeum)||★ ★ ★ ★ ★|
|Outcome:||Defeat of the Isaurian rebels by the Imperial army||492|
|War & Enemy:||
|The Battlefield|| Location:
City of Cotyaeum ( ancient Greek name: Kotyaion ) in the territory of Mysia, modern Kütahya in western Asia Minor
| Modern Country:
|The Byzantines(emperor: Anastasius I)||The Enemies|
|Commander:||John the Scythian & John the Hunchback||Longinus of Cardala|
|Background story:||Emperor Leo I had promoted Isaurians to important posts in the civil and military administration as a counterbalance to the power of the hitherto all-powerful officials of Germanic or Alan origin (like Aspar ). The Isaurians however were despised as semi-barbarians by the people of Constantinople, who in 473 rose in an anti-Isaurian revolt in the Hippodrome and in 475 overthrew the newly-crowned Isaurian emperor Zeno killing all the Isaurians in the city. But Zeno returned to the throne and, during his reign, his fellow Isaurians prospered. In 491, Zeno died and was succeeded by Anastasius I. The populace still hated Isaurians and Anastasius had a good excuse to exile the relatives of Zeno and several other Isaurians in high positions. The Isaurians who had a strong presence in the army revolted in 492. Emperor Anastasius sent an army against them under the command of his trusted generals John the Scythian and John the Hunchback.|
In battle at Cotyaeum, in west central Turkey, the Imperial army under John the Scythian and John the Hunchback secured a decisive victory. Pockets of rebellion in Isauria persisted until resistance was finally suppressed in 497.
From 494 to 497 the Isaurians closed themselves in their fortresses in the Isaurian mountains, where they were being supplied through the port of Antioch. In 497 John the Scythian killed Longinus of Cardala and his deputy, Athenodorus, whose heads were exposed on a spear in Tarsus, thus effectively ending the war.
|Noteworthy:||The war today looks like a lesser event in the long history of Byzantium. For However for the contemporaries was big. The poet Christodorus commemorated the war in a now-lost poem in six books, entitled Isaurica .|
|Aftermath:||This battle was the first and most severe conflict of the 6-year Isaurian War (492-497).|